Why you think you're right -- even if you're wrong | Julia Galef

Important Vocabulary Words From The Video


Incriminating is adjective which means that something is likely to lead to a criminal charge. This could be anything from a conversation that you have with someone to a piece of evidence that you find.

  • The evidence is very incriminating, and it's likely to lead to a criminal charge.
  • The conversation was very incriminating, and she's likely to be charged with slander.

rationalizations are excuses that people use to explain why they did something that they know is not good or fair. They might say things like "I was just following orders" or "It's not my fault."

  • The manager used rationalizations to avoid taking responsibility for the mistake.
  • The student used rationalizations to avoid getting in trouble.

To exonerate someone means to prove them innocent of a crime. This can be a difficult task, and it often requires a lot of evidence.

  • The police were unable to exonerate the suspect, and they were eventually convicted.
  • The jury found the suspect innocent of the crime, and they were released.

To be disloyal is to be disloyal to your country or to your leader. Someone who is disloyal might go against their government or their leader.

  • He was arrested for being disloyal to the government.
  • She was fired from her job for being disloyal to her supervisor.

When someone is defensive, they are usually trying to protect themselves or their beliefs. They may be angry or hostile, and they may not want to listen to what others have to say.

  • He became defensive when he was asked to comment on the article.
  • She became defensive when she was questioned about her qualifications.

Tribalism is a type of loyalty that is found among groups of people. It is often based on things like race, religion, or culture.

  • The tribalism between the two groups is becoming too strong.
  • The tribalism between the two families is a big part of their history.

An anecdote is a short story that is about a personal experience. These stories are usually written from the point of view of the person who experienced the event, and they are often amusing.

  • My friend told me an anecdote about when he was in college.
  • The teacher told us an anecdote about when he was a student.