# What is entropy? - Jeff Phillips

## Important Vocabulary Words From The Video

notoriously is an adverb that means very often. Some people use notoriously to describe famous people or things that have a lot of bad news associated with them.

• She notoriously never finishes any of her projects.
• The restaurant is notoriously dirty.

Internalize means to take something inside of yourself. When you internalize a lesson, you understand it and put it into practice.

• The teacher tried to internalize the lesson by using examples from her own life.
• She internalized the lesson by saying a prayer before she went to bed.

To trickier is to be more difficult or complicated than it needs to be. When something is trickier than it needs to be, it can be difficult to understand or to do.

• The assignment was trickier than it needed to be.
• The math problem was trickier than it needed to be.

Indivisible means that something is impossible to break or separate. The flag is indivisible, because it can never be divided into small pieces.

• The flag is indivisible because it is made of cloth.
• The flag is indivisible because it is a symbol of unity.

A microstate is a small, independent country. There are currently 193 microstates in the world, and they are all members of the United Nations.

• The microstate of Andorra is one of the smallest countries in the world, and it is also one of the richest.
• The microstate of San Marino is a tiny country that is home to a number of famous people.

To maximally something is to do it as best as possible. When you're trying to maximally enjoy your vacation, you're going to try to do as many different things as possible.

• She maximally enjoyed her vacation by going on different activities every day.

Absurdly is an adverb that means completely out of the ordinary. When you say something is absurdly expensive, you mean that it's much more expensive than usual.

• The car is absurdly expensive.
• The proposal is absurdly large.

To deflate is to reduce the size or amount of something. When you deflate a balloon, you make it less inflated.

• The balloon was deflated by the wind.
• The company's stock prices have been deflating for the last few years.

To nudge someone is to push them gently in the direction that you want them to go. You might use nudging to get someone to move out of the way, or to get them to do something that you want them to do.

• He nudged her gently and she moved out of the way.
• The teacher nudged the student in the direction of the answer sheet.