The rise and fall of the Mongol Empire - Anne F. Broadbridge

Important Vocabulary Words From The Video


To herd is to lead or move a group of animals or people in a particular direction. When the animals are herded, they are usually corralled and herded into a pen.

  • The cows were herded into the barn by the farmer.
  • The students were herded into the auditorium by the teacher.

An aristocrat is someone who is very wealthy, and they often live in a very fancy house. They are often very distant from the common people, and they have very different customs and values.

  • The aristocrat was very rude to the waiter, and she didn't even have the decency to apologize.
  • The aristocrat is very rude, and she has no respect for other people.

Khans are a type of hat that is worn in some parts of the world. The hat is made from wool and is decorated with a band around the middle.

  • The khans are a traditional hat for cold weather.
  • The khans are a traditional hat for weddings.

Unstoppable means that something cannot be stopped or stopped by any means. The Titanic was unstoppable, and it sunk to the bottom of the ocean.

  • The company's sales are unstoppable.
  • The virus is unstoppable, and it will continue to spread.

Insubordination is a violation of the rules or regulations that are supposed to be followed by a group or organization. When a group of soldiers refuse to follow orders, they are engaging in insubordination.

  • The soldiers were insubordinate when they refused to follow the orders.
  • The workers were insubordinate when they refused to follow the safety guidelines.

To pillage is to steal or to vandalize something. If you pillage a museum, you're stealing the artifacts that are inside. If you pillage a village, you're vandalizing the homes and businesses.

  • The soldiers pillaged the town after they captured it.
  • The thief was able to pillage the museum without anyone noticing.

Gunpowder is a type of explosive that is used in fireworks and bombs. It is made from a combination of saltpeter, sulfur, and charcoal.

  • The explosion was caused by the gunpowder that was stored in the warehouse.
  • The gunpowder was stored in the warehouse in a dangerous way.

A grandson is a child who is the son of your son or daughter. A grandson is also sometimes called a great-grandson.

  • My grandson is a greatgrandson.
  • My grandson is the son of my son.