The colossal consequences of supervolcanoes - Alex Gendler

Important Vocabulary Words From The Video


When something is darkling, it is gradually getting darker. The sky is darkling towards the end of the day.

  • The sun is setting, and the sky is darkling towards the horizon.
  • The shadows are gradually getting longer, and the light is darkling away.

Pathless means without a path. When you go on a hike, you are pathless if you are hiking in the wilderness.

  • The pathless woods are a dangerous place to be.
  • The pathless river is a dangerous place to be.

To blacken something is to make it dark in color. Blackening can be the result of a lot of different things, from the sun to ink to coal.

  • The ink was blackening the paper.
  • The sun was blackening the skin.

When the moon is not visible, it's called a moonless night. This means that there is no light from the moon, which means that it is very dark.

  • It was a moonless night, and the only light came from the stars.
  • The moonless night made it difficult to see.

Misfortunes are events that are bad for you. They can be things like getting sick, losing your job, or being in a car accident.

  • She has been having a lot of bad luck lately, and she thinks it's because of the misfortunes that have been happening to her.
  • The misfortunes that have been happening to him are due to bad luck.

To engulf something is to completely cover it. When the floods engulfed the town, it was all the town could do to protect themselves.

  • The flowers were engulfed by the floodwaters.
  • The fire engulfed the building.

To annihilate something is to completely destroy it. You might annihilate a group of enemies or a whole city.

  • He annihilated the entire city in just one day.
  • The enemy forces were annihilated by the army.

A caldera is a large area on the Earth's surface that has been formed by the collapse of a volcano. The area is usually filled with magma and ash, which makes it very hazardous.

  • A large caldera is located in the middle of the country.
  • A small caldera is located near the coast.

An evacuation is a situation where people are ordered to leave a place because there is a danger of an explosion or a fire. Sometimes an evacuation is just a precaution, and the people being evacuated will be back soon.

  • The school was ordered to evacuate because of the tornado.
  • The city was ordered to evacuate because of the flood.