How the Normans changed the history of Europe - Mark Robinson

Important Vocabulary Words From The Video


Reverberate means to repeat or echo something loud and clear. When you reverberate a sound, you make it louder and more clear.

  • The sound of the bell reverberated through the hall.
  • The sound of the bell reverberated throughout the city.

Paganism is a religion that is based on the worship of nature. Some people who are pagans believe that nature is the source of all life, and they honor it by sacrificing animals or plants.

  • The pagans worshiped the sun, moon, and stars.
  • Some pagans worship nature in general, while others focus on one particular nature god or goddess.

Forebears are the people who are related to you on your father's side. This means that your forebears include your father, his father, and so on.

  • My forebears came from England.
  • My forebears were slaves.

A climactic moment is a moment in a story or movie that is very important and suspenseful. It is usually the climax of the story.

  • The climactic moment of the movie was when the spaceship crashed into the planet.
  • The climactic moment of the story was when the main character revealed his identity.

To immortalize someone is to make them into a symbol or figure that is remembered long after they die. Famous people who have been immortalized include Julius Caesar, Alexander the Great, and Winston Churchill.

  • He was immortalized in a painting by Michelangelo.
  • She was immortalized in a statue by Leonardo da Vinci.

The commoners are the people who live in the middle class. They don't have a lot of money, but they don't have to worry about food or shelter either.

  • The commoners are the people who are protesting.
  • The commoners are the people who are working on the project.

When soldiers are on the battlefield, they are usually armed with lances. A lance is a long, pointed weapon that is used mainly for stabbing.

  • The lance was very sharp, and it would easily pierce the armor of the enemy.
  • The lance was a very important weapon in the battle, and the soldiers were very careful when they were using it.

To couch something is to say or do it in a way that is not very direct or honest. Sometimes people couch their words in nicer terms to make them sound more polite.

  • I don't think that it's a good idea to couch your criticisms in such a polite way.
  • He couched his criticism of the project in terms of the budget.

A cathedral is a large, beautiful building that is used for religious ceremonies. Cathedrals are usually built in important cities, and they often have a lot of beautiful architecture.

  • She always dreamed of visiting a cathedral, and now she has the chance.
  • The cathedral was beautiful, even in the rain.